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ARMENIA - GENERAL INFORMATION


  Government

Country Name: conventional long form:  Republic of Armenia
conventional short form:  Armenia
local long form:  Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
local short form:  Hayastan
Type: Republic
Capital: Yerevan
Administrative divisions: 10 provinces (marser): Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Geghark'unik', Lorri, Kotaik, Shirak, Syunik', Tavush, Voyots Dzor and the city of Yerevan
Independence: 21 September 1991 (from USSR)

Geography

Location: Southwestern Asia, Southern Caucasus
Coordinates 40000 N, 45 000 E
Area: 29000 sq. km
Border: 1254 km
border countries:  Azerbaijan-proper 566 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km
Climate: 0 km (landlocked)
Natural Resources: highland continental, hot summers, cold winters
Natural Hazards: occasionally severe earthquakes; droughts

People

Population: 3.336.000 (July 2001est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years:  23.23% (male 394,194; female 380,911)
15-64 years:  67.04% (male 1,094,646; female 1,141,760)
65 years and over:  9.73% (male 135,477; female 189,112) (2001 est.)
Population Growth: -0.21%
Life Expectancy at Birth: 66.49 years
Religion: Christianity 98%
Languages: Armenian 96%, Russian 2%, other 2%
Literacy: 99%
Males - 99%
Females - 98%

 
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